Textareas
updated

  • HTML/CSS Available
  • Web Component Deprecated
  • Last Updated

    2.34.0

Textareas allow a user to input multiple lines of text.

See Forms for guidance on composing full forms.

Variations

Default

Use when soliciting multiple lines of text.

Default
Default
HTML Web Component
<!-- Default -->
<textarea class="mds-form__textarea" id="textarea-id"></textarea>
<!-- With Placeholder Text -->
<textarea class="mds-form__textarea" id="textarea-id" placeholder="Tell us more here..."></textarea>
<!-- Disabled -->
<textarea class="mds-form__textarea" id="textarea-id" disabled></textarea>
<!-- Default -->
<mds-textarea id="textarea-id"></mds-textarea>
<!-- With Placeholder Text -->
<mds-textarea id="textarea-id" placeholder="Tell us more here..."></mds-textarea>
<!-- Disabled -->
<mds-textarea id="textarea-id" disabled></mds-textarea>

Always wrap grouped form elements in a mds-form__field-group container. See the Forms composition section for more guidelines on constructing forms.

<!-- HTML -->
<div class="mds-form__field-group">
    <label class="mds-form__label" for="comments">Comments</label>
    <textarea class="mds-form__textarea" id="comments"></textarea>
</div>
<!-- Web Component -->
<mds-field-group>
    <mds-label for="comments">Comments</mds-label>
    <mds-textarea id="comments"></mds-textarea>
</mds-field-group>

Sizing

Sizing affects textarea size, text size and internal spacing. The default size is medium, and you can use modifier classes or props to make the textarea smaller or larger.

Small
Medium (Default)
Large
Touch
Small
Medium (Default)
Large
Touch
HTML Web Component
<textarea class="mds-form__textarea mds-form__textarea--small" id="small-textarea" placeholder="Textarea"></textarea>
<mds-textarea placeholder="Textarea" size="small" id="small-textarea"></mds-textarea>
  • See mixin documentation for additional details on how to create media queries to switch to the touch size.

Don’t Use When

  • Gathering short, single lines of text. Instead, use an Input.

Behaviors

  • Include placeholder text to indicate what information belongs in the textarea. Placeholder text disappears when the user types in the textarea. If the user doesn’t enter a value and moves to another part of a form, the placeholder text reappears in the former text box.
  • In IE11, placeholder text is cleared on focus. This is default behavior and a known issue, teams are still encouraged to use textareas in production.

Editorial

  • Placeholder text in textareas should be full sentences with punctuation.
  • Don’t use title case here.

CSS

Class References

Class
Applies to
Outcome

mds-form__textarea--small

mds-form__textarea

Adjusts styling to render a small textarea.

mds-form__textarea--large

mds-form__textarea

Adjusts styling to render a large textarea.

mds-form__textarea--touch

mds-form__textarea

Adjusts styling to render a touch textarea.

Mixins

Touch Properties

Use this mixin to create media queries in your product styles to switch textareas to their touch variation.

@include mds-textarea-touch-properties();

For example, switching to the touch variation on screens with a max-width of 500px:

// Your product SCSS
@media screen and (max-width: 500px) {
    @include mds-textarea-touch-properties();
}
  • The mixin includes all CSS properties required to convert any size into the touch variation.
  • Use a media query that makes the most sense for your product, in addition to max-width, pointer: coarse is another helpful method for targeting touch screen devices.
  • If you don’t want every instance to change, consider using a wrapping class around the media query to target specific elements in your product.
  • When composing complex forms, consider using the @include mds-form-all-touch-properties(); mixin for efficiency.

Web Component

Props

When setting props as attributes on a custom HTML element, use kebab-case instead of camelCase.

Prop
Type
Validation
Default
Description

additionalClass

String

A space-separated list of class names that will be appended to the default mds-form__textarea element.

ariaDescribedby

String

A space-separated list of element id, often Microcopy or a Field Error, whose content contains additional information about the textarea.

ariaInvalid

Boolean

Adds the aria-invalid attribute if the value is either false or true.

disabled

Boolean

false

If true, sets the disabled attribute on the textarea, rendering it non-interactive, and applies disabled styling.

id

String

Required

The id attribute for the HTML element.

maxlength

Number

If provided, sets the maximum number of characters allowed.

minlength

Number

If provided, sets the minimum number of characters allowed.

name

String

Adds the name attribute to the textarea element.

placeholder

String

Adds placeholder text.

readonly

Boolean

false

Adds the readonly attribute.

required

Boolean

false

If true, adds the required attribute.

rows

Number

Sets the number of visible text lines.

size

String

One of: small, medium, large, touch

medium

Alters the size of the textarea.

text

String

The content for the textarea.

Usage Examples

Setting id, size, required , and placeholder via props:

<mds-textarea id="textarea-id" size="small" placeholder="Comments" required></mds-textarea>

Setting id, ariaInvalid, and minlength via props:

<mds-textarea id="textarea-id" aria-invalid minlength="40"></mds-textarea>

Setting id and text via props:

<mds-textarea id="textarea-id" text="Text area content."></mds-textarea>

Implementation Tips

Sticky Hover State on Touch Screens

On touch screens, :hover states “stick” after tapping an interactive element. To counter this behavior, MDS provides a mixin that resets component hover states to their default styles:

@include mds-sticky-hover-reset();

The mixin uses a media query based on hover: none to target touch screen devices and includes resets for Buttons, Checkboxes, Inputs, List Groups, Radio Buttons, Search Fields, Selects, Switches, and Textareas. You can apply this mixin within your product’s media queries along with other MDS touch styles, for example:

// Your product SCSS
@media screen and (max-width: 500px) {
    @include mds-sticky-hover-reset();
    @include mds-componentName-touch-properties();

    // The rest of your product’s responsive/touch styles...
}

Browser Support

  • This component uses a box-shadow property to create an outline. Internet Explorer and Safari have known issues rendering these outlines when using the browser's zoom functionality. This visual defect doesn't affect the functionality of the component.
  • When using the minlength property in Edge v17+, if required isn’t set, and the user didn’t specify a value, minlength has no affect.

Implementation

  • Include an aria-describedby attribute on each textarea that has an .mds-form__microcopy or an .mds-form__field-error component providing additional information. The value of the aria-describedby attribute must match the id attribute on the .mds-form__microcopy or .mds-form__field-error component.
  • Always pair a Label with a textarea. Include a for attribute on each label with a value matching the id attribute on the corresponding textarea.